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### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718

# Seven electrons are trapped in a one-dimensional infinite potential well of width L. What multiple of ${{\mathbf{h}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{/}}{\mathbf{8}}{{\mathbf{mL}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}$ gives the energy of the ground state of this system? Assume that the electrons do not interact with one another, and do not neglect spin.

The multiple of ${\mathrm{h}}^{2}/8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}$ that gives the energy of the ground state of this system is 44.

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: The given data:

There are seven electrons trapped in a one-dimensional infinite potential well of width L .

## Step 2: Understanding the concept of Pauli’s exclusion principle

Pauli's exclusive principle states that no two electrons in the same atom can have the same values in all four of their quantum numbers.

Using the concept of Pauli's exclusion principle of an infinite potential well, distribute the electrons accordingly to get the smallest value of energy in the ground state of the system. Thus, the required total energy due to all these electrons that further give the multiple of ${{\mathbf{h}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}{\mathbf{/}}{\mathbf{8}}{{\mathbf{mL}}}^{{\mathbf{2}}}$.

Formula:

The energy of ${\mathrm{n}}^{\mathrm{th}}$ state of a ground state of the system is,

${\mathrm{E}}_{\mathrm{n}}=\frac{{\mathrm{n}}^{2}{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}$ ….. (1)

Here, n is the number of state, h is the Plank’s constant, m is the mass, and L is the width.

## Step 3: Calculation of the multiple value of h2/8mL2 :

To get the lowest possible total energy, two electrons are filled in each state of $n=1,2,3$ , while the rest of one electron fills the state of n = 4.

Now using the n values in energy equation (1), the total energy of the ground state of the system is given as below.

role="math" localid="1661497763518" ${\mathrm{E}}_{\mathrm{ground}}=2{\mathrm{E}}_{1}+2{\mathrm{E}}_{2}+2{\mathrm{E}}_{3}+{\mathrm{E}}_{4}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=2\left(\frac{{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}\right)+2\left(\frac{{2}^{2}{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}\right)+2\left(\frac{{3}^{2}{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}\right)+2\left(\frac{{4}^{2}{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}\right)\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\left(2+8+18+16\right)\left(\frac{{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}\right)\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\left(44\right)\left(\frac{{\mathrm{h}}^{2}}{8{\mathrm{mL}}^{2}}\right)$

Hence, the value of the multiple is 44.