StudySmarter AI is coming soon!

- :00Days
- :00Hours
- :00Mins
- 00Seconds

A new era for learning is coming soonSign up for free

Suggested languages for you:

Americas

Europe

Q112P

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 255

Book edition
10th Edition

Author(s)
David Halliday

Pages
1328 pages

ISBN
9781118230718

**A pellet gun fires ten 2.0g**** pellets per second with a speed of ${\mathbf{500}}\frac{\mathbf{m}}{\mathbf{s}}$****. The pellets are stopped by a rigid wall. What are (a) The magnitude of the momentum of each pellet,(b) The kinetic energy of each pellet, and (c) The magnitude of the average force on the wall from the stream of pellets? (d) If each pellet is in contact with the wall for 0.60 ms****, what is the magnitude of the average force on the wall from each pellet during contact? (e) Why is this average force so different from the average force calculated in (c)?**

- Magnitude of momentum of each pellet is $1\frac{\mathrm{kg}.\mathrm{s}}{\mathrm{s}}$.
- Kinetic energy of each pellet is 250 J.
- Magnitude of average force on the wall from stream of pellets is 10 N.
- Magnitude of average force if is 1700 N.
- Contact time is different
*t*= 0.6 sec is 1700 N.

- Number of pellets is, n = 10
- Mass r of pellets is,
*m*= 2g = 0.002 kg - Speed of pellets is, $v=500\frac{\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}}$

**Use the basic formula of momentum, which is the product of mass and velocity. Then to find kinetic energy, use the basic formula of mass and square of velocity. Then, use the basic formula of the average force, which is ratio of momentum and time.**

Formulae are as follow:

$P=mv\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}KE=\frac{1}{2}m{v}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}F=\frac{P}{t}$

Here, *P* is momentum, *m* is mass, *v* is velocity, *KE* is kinetic energy, *F* is force and *t* is time.

To calculate magnitude of momentum of each pellet, use the following formula,

$P=mv\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}P=0.002\times 500\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}P=1\frac{\mathrm{kg}.\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}}$

Hence,** **the magnitude of momentum of each pellet is $1\frac{\mathrm{kg}.\mathrm{m}}{\mathrm{s}}$.

Kinetic energy of each pellet,

$KE=\frac{1}{2}\times m\times {v}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}KE=0.5\times 0.002\times {500}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}KE=250\mathrm{J}$

Hence, the kinetic energy of each pellet is 250J.

Average force on *n* pallet is,

${F}_{avg}=\frac{nP}{t}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{F}_{avg}=\frac{10\times 1}{1}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{F}_{avg}=10\mathrm{N}$

Hence,** **the magnitude of average force on the wall from stream of pellets is 10N.

Average force when *t* = 0.6 s:

${F}_{avg}=\frac{P}{t}$

Substitute the values and solve as:

${F}_{avg}=\frac{1}{0.6\times {10}^{-3}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}{F}_{avg}=1666.67$

In two significant figures,

${F}_{avg}=1700\mathrm{N}$

Hence,** **the magnitude of average force if *t* = 0.6 sec is 1700 N.

** **

Average forces are different because the contact time is different. For case 1, it is and for case 2, it is 0,6 s.

** **

Therefore, the momentum, K.E and average force on an object can be found using the corresponding formulae.

94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.

Sign up for free