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Fundamentals Of Physics
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Short Answer

The copper windings of a motor have a resistance of 50Ω at 20°C when the motor is idle. After the motor has run for several hours, the resistance rises to 58Ω.What is the temperature of the windings now? Ignore changes in the dimensions of the windings. (Use Table 26-1.)

The temperature of windings now is 57°C.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: The given data

a) Resistance of the windings, R0=50Ω

b) Initial temperature of the motor,T0=20°C

c) New resistance,R=58Ω

d) Coefficient of expansion,α=4.3×10-3K-1

e) Resistivity of the copper material, ρ=1.69×10-8Ω.m

Step 2: Understanding the concept of the resistivity

By using the equation 26-17, the parameter, initial temperature is selected as a reference temperature and the resistivity at that temperature. Using the relationship between the temperature, resistance, and resistivity, we can find the temperature.

Formulae:

The resistivity relation due to change in resistance due to temperature for resistivity being directly proportional to resistance,ρ-ρ0=ρα(T-T0) (i)

Step 3: Calculation of the temperature of the windings

Rearranging the resistivity relation of equation (i), we can get the value of the temperature of the windings of the motor now as follows:

T=ρ-ρ0ρα+T0 =ρρ0-11α+T0 =RR0-11α+T0 ρρ0=RR0, for area and length being constant,R=ρLA =5850-114.3×10-3+20 substituting the given values =5850-114.3×10-3+20 =0.037×103+20 =37+20 =57°C

Hence, the value of the now temperature is 57°C.

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