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Expert-verified Found in: Page 936 ### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718 # In an oscillating LC circuit in which ${\mathbit{C}}{\mathbf{=}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{4}}{\mathbf{.}}{\mathbf{00}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbit{\mu }}{\mathbit{F}}$, the maximum potential difference across the capacitor during the oscillations is ${\mathbf{1}}{\mathbf{.}}{\mathbf{50}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{V}}$ and the maximum current through the inductor is ${\mathbf{50}}{\mathbf{.}}{\mathbf{0}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbit{m}}{\mathbit{A}}$. (a)What is the inductance L? (b)What is the frequency of the oscillations? (c) How much time is required for the charge on the capacitor to rise from zero to its maximum value?

1. The inductance is $3.60\mathrm{mH}$.
2. The frequency of the oscillation is $1.33×{10}^{3}\mathrm{Hz}$.
3. Time required for the charge on the capacitor to rise from zero to its maximum value is $1.888×{10}^{-4}\mathrm{s}$.
See the step by step solution

## Step 1: The given data

1. Capacitance of the capacitor in LC circuit, $C=4.00\mathrm{\mu F}\mathrm{or}4.00×{10}^{-6}\mathrm{F}$
2. Maximum potential difference across the capacitor, $V=1.5\mathrm{V}$
3. Maximum current through the inductor, $i=50.0\mathrm{mA}$

## Step 2: Understanding the concept of oscillations of LC circuit

In an oscillating LC circuit, energy is shuttled periodically between the electric field of the capacitor and the magnetic field of the inductor; instantaneous values of the two forms of energy are given by equations 31-1 and 31-2. By solving these equations and by substituting the values, we can calculate the inductance. From the relation between the linear frequency and the angular frequency, we can find the frequency. The period is reciprocal to frequency. From that, we can find the time required for the charge on the capacitor to rise from zero to its maximum value.

Formulae:

The magnetic energy stored in the inductor, $U=\frac{L{i}^{2}}{2}$ (i)

The electric energy stored in the capacitor, $U=\frac{{Q}^{2}}{2C}$ (ii)

The frequency of the oscillation in the circuit, $f=\frac{\omega }{2\pi }$ (iii)

The charge across the capacitor, $Q=C{V}_{max}$ (iv)

The angular frequency of the LC oscillations, $\omega =\frac{1}{\sqrt{LC}}$ (v)

The period of an oscillation, $T=\frac{1}{f}$ (vi)

## Step 3: a) Calculation of the inductance

Equating equations (i) and (ii), we can get the value of the inductance as follows:

$\begin{array}{c}\frac{L{i}^{2}}{2}=\frac{{Q}^{2}}{2C}\\ L=\frac{1}{C}{\left(\frac{Q}{i}\right)}^{2}\\ =\frac{1}{C}{\left(\frac{C{V}_{max}}{i}\right)}^{2}\left(\mathrm{from}\mathrm{equation}\left(\mathrm{iv}\right)\right)\\ =C{\left(\frac{{V}_{max}}{i}\right)}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\left(4.00×{10}^{-6}\right){\left(\frac{1.50}{50×{10}^{-3}}\right)}^{2}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}\begin{array}{l}=\left(4.00×{10}^{-6}\right)×900\\ =3.60×{10}^{-3}\mathrm{H}\mathrm{or}3.60\mathrm{mH}\end{array}\end{array}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}$

Hence, the value of the inductance is $3.60\mathrm{mH}$.

## Step 4: b) Calculation of the frequency of the oscillation

Substituting value of equation (v) in equation (iii), we can get the frequency of the oscillations as follows:

$\begin{array}{c}f=\frac{1}{2\pi \sqrt{LC}}\\ =\frac{1}{2\pi \sqrt{\left(3.60×{10}^{-3}\right)\left(4.00×{10}^{-6}\mathrm{F}\right)}}\\ =1.33×{10}^{3}\mathrm{Hz}\end{array}$

Hence, the value of the frequency is $1.33×{10}^{3}\mathrm{Hz}$.

## Step 5: c) Calculation of the time required for fully charging the capacitor

From figure 31-1, we see that the required time is one fourth of a period, so the period of oscillation can be calculated using equation (vi) as follows:

$\begin{array}{c}T=\frac{1}{1.33×{10}^{3}}\\ =7.52×{10}^{-4}\mathrm{s}\end{array}$

Now, the required time to charge the capacitor to the maximum value as follows:

role="math" localid="1663155617571" $\begin{array}{c}t=\frac{7.52×{10}^{-4}}{4}\\ =1.888×{10}^{-4}\mathrm{s}\end{array}$

Hence, the value of the required time is $1.888×{10}^{-4}\mathrm{s}$.

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