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Q30P

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Fundamentals Of Physics
Found in: Page 937

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Illustration

Short Answer

A 50.0 Ω resistor is connected, as in Figure to an ac generator with m=30.0 V.

(a) What is the amplitude of the resulting alternating current if the frequency of the emf is 1.00 kHz? (b) What is the amplitude of the resulting alternating current if the frequency of the emf is 8.00 kHz?

A resistor is connected across an alternating-current generator.

  1. The amplitude of the resulting alternating current if the frequency of the emf has value f=1.00 kHz is 0.600 A.
  2. The amplitude of the resulting alternating current if the frequency of the emf has value f=8.00 kHz is 0.600 A.
See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: The given data

  1. Emf of the ac generator, m=30.0 V
  2. Series resistance R=50 Ω

Step 2: Understanding the concept of resistance and Ohm’s law

Using Ohm’s law and substituting the given values of the amplitude of the ac generator and resistance of the resistor, we can find the amplitude of the alternating current. As the resistance of the circuit is independent of frequency, the current value remains the same for the same resistor.

The voltage equation from Ohm’s law,

ic=mR (i)

Here, R is the resistance of the circuit and m the emf applied across the circuit.

Step 3: a) Calculation of the resulting current for frequency 1.00 kHz

The amplitude of alternating current if the frequency of emf is 1 kHz.

Using the given data in equation (i), the current through the resistor is given as:

I=30 V50 ΩI=0.600 A

Hence, the value of the current is 0.600 A.

Step 4: b) Calculation of the resulting current for frequency 8.00 kHz

The amplitude of alternating current if the frequency of emf is 8 kHz.

The current is independent of frequency. So, it will be the same as calculated in part (a) above.

Hence, the value of the current is 0.600 A.

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