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Fundamentals Of Physics
Found in: Page 604

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Short Answer

A gas sample undergoes a reversible isothermal expansion. Figure gives the change S in entropy of the gas versus the final volume Vfof the gas. The scale of the vertical axis is set by Ss=64 J/K. How many moles are in the sample?

The number of moles in the sample is 3.5 mol.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: The given data

a) The entropy change of the gas sample, Ss=64 J/K

b) The graph of entropy change Sand volume Vfis given.

Step 2: Understanding the concept of entropy change

Entropy change is a phenomenon that quantifies how disorder or randomness has changed in a thermodynamic system. We can write the expression for the number of moles by rearranging the formula for entropy change. Then by inserting the values obtained from the given graph, we can find the number of moles in the gas sample.


The entropy change of the gas, S=nRInVfVi-nCvInTfTi …(i)

Step 3: Calculation of the number of moles in the sample

In an isothermal process, the temperature value remains constant. So, Tf=Ti

Thus, using equation (i), we can get the number of moles present in the gas sample is given as follows:

(From the graph, we can infer that,S=32JK,Vf=1.2 m3,Vi=0.4 m3.)

n=SRInVfVi =32 J/K8.314 J/kg KIn1.2m30.4m3 =3.5 mol

Hence, there are 3.5mol present in the gas sample.

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