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Fundamentals Of Physics
Found in: Page 141

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Short Answer

The coefficient of static friction between Teflon and scrambled eggs is about 0.04.What is the smallest angle from the horizontalthat will cause the eggs to slide across the bottom of a Teflon-coated skillet?

The smallest angle from the horizontalthat will cause the eggs to slide across the bottom of a Teflon-coated skillet is2°

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Given

Coefficient of static friction,μs=0.04

Step 2: Determining the concept

The problem is based on Newton’s second law of motion which states that the rate of change of momentum of a body is equal in both magnitude and direction of the force acting on it. Thus, using the free body diagram, The smallest angle from the horizontal that will cause the eggs to slide across the bottom of a Teflon-coated skillet can be found.

Formula:

Fnet= ma

where, F is the net force, m is mass and a is an acceleration.

Step 3: Determining the free body diagram

Free body Diagram of egg over the skillet:

Step 4: Determining the smallest angle from the horizontal

By using Newton’s 2nd law along vertical direction (along y),

Fy=may

Since, block is not moving upward,ay=0

N-Fgcosθ=0N=Fgcosθ

Relation between Static frictional force and Normal force is,

fs=μsN =μsFgcosθ (i)

Now, applying Newton’s 2nd along the x direction,

Fx=max

Since, block is not moving,ax=0

fs-Fgsinθ=0fs=sinθ

By using equation (i) in the above equation,

role="math" localid="1654077871119" μsFgcosθ=Fgsinθμscosθ=sinθsinθcosθ=μstanθ=μsθ=tan-1μs =tan-10.04 =2°

Hence, the smallest angle from the horizontalthat will cause the eggs to slide across the bottom of a Teflon-coated skillet is 2°

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