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Expert-verified Found in: Page 828 ### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718 # In Fig. 28-30, a charged particle enters a uniform magnetic field with speed ${\mathbf{v}}_{0}$ , moves through a halfcirclein time${\mathbf{T}}_{0}$ , and then leaves the field. (a) Is the charge positive or negative? (b) Is the final speed of the particle greater than, less than, or equal to ${{\mathbf{v}}}_{{\text{0}}}$ ? (c) If the initial speed had been${\text{0.5}}{{\mathbf{v}}}_{{\text{0}}}$ , would the time spent in field have been greater than, less than, or equal to ${{\mathbf{T}}}_{{\text{0}}}$ ? (d) Would the path have been ahalf-circle, more than a half-circle, or less than a half-circle?

1. The charge on the particle is negative.
2. The final speed of the particle is equal to ${v}_{0}.$
3. If the initial speed is $0.5{v}_{0}$, then the time spent in the magnetic field $\stackrel{\to }{B}$ is equal to ${T}_{0}.$
4. The path would have been a half circle.
See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Determine the formula for the radius

Consider the formula for the radius of the charge as:

${\mathbf{r}}{\mathbf{=}}\frac{\mathrm{mv}}{\mathbf{|}\mathbf{q}\mathbf{|}\mathbf{B}}$

Here, r is radius, B is magnetic field, v is velocity, m is mass,q is charge on particle

## Step 2: (a) Determine the charge on the particle

The charge on the particle:

In order to get the force on the particle downwardaccording to the right hand rule, the charge on the particle must be negative.

Hence, the charge on the particle is negative.

## Step 3: (b) Determinewhether the final speed of the particle is greater than, less than, or equal to v0

The final speed of the particle greater than, less than, or equal to ${v}_{0}$ :

Magnetic field does not do any work on the charge particle. It only changes the direction of velocity in magnetic field region.

Hence, the speed of the particle does not change.

Hence, its final speed is the same as the initial speed.

## Step 4: (c) Determine if the initial speed is 0.5v0 , then whether the time spent in the magnetic field  B→ is greater than, less than, or equal to  T0

If the initial speed is $0.5{v}_{0}$ , then whether the time spent in the magnetic field $\stackrel{\to }{B}$ is greater than, less than, or equal to ${T}_{0}$:

$r=\frac{mv}{|q|B}$

If velocity is $\frac{1}{2}{v}_{0},$ then using the above relation,

$r=\frac{1}{2}\left(\frac{mv}{qB}\right)$

Consider the formula:

$T=\frac{2\pi r}{v}$

Since the speed is halved and the radius is halved, the period will not change. It will be the same as the initial time ${T}_{0}.$

Hence, if the initial speed is $0.5{v}_{0}$ , then the time spent in the magnetic field $\stackrel{\to }{B}$ is equal to ${T}_{0}.$

## Step 5: (d) Determinewhether the path would have been a half circle, more than half circle, or less than a half circle

Path is half circle, more than half circle, or less than a half circle:

The path will be half circle. Speed does not change the direction; only the magnetic force changes the direction.

Hence, the path would have been a half circle.

Therefore, use the right hand rule to find the force on the particle and usethe relation of radius and magnetic field to find the radius of different particles. ### Want to see more solutions like these? 