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Expert-verified Found in: Page 1214 ### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718 # A proton and an electron are trapped in identical one-dimensional infinite potential wells; each particle is in its ground state. At the center of the wells, is the probability density for the proton greater than, less than, or equal to that of the electron?

The probability density for the proton is equal to that of the electron.

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Identification of the given data

The given data can be listed below as,

• The location of each particle is,n=1 (ground state).

## Step 2: Significance of probability density function

The term ‘probability density’ does have a physical meaning. It represents the probability that the electron will be detected in a specific interval. If the probability density of a charged particle is integrated over an entire axis means the total probability must be equal to 1.

## Step 3: Determination of the probability density for the proton

The expression of the probability density of a charged particle can be expressed as,

${\psi }_{n}^{2}\left(x\right)=\left(\frac{2}{L}\right){\mathrm{sin}}^{2}\left(\frac{n\mathrm{\pi }}{L}x\right)$

Here,${\psi }_{n}^{2}\left(x\right)$is the probability density of a charged particle and L is the length of the well.

Substitute the value in the above expression.

${\psi }_{n}^{2}\left(x\right)=\left(\frac{2}{L}\right){\mathrm{sin}}^{2}\left[\frac{\left(1\right)\mathrm{\pi }}{L}x\right]\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\left(\frac{2}{L}\right){\mathrm{sin}}^{2}\left[\frac{\mathrm{\pi }}{L}x\right]$

From the above expression, one can observe that the expression of the probability density does not have any variable/parameter related to the different types of charged particles. This means the expression of the probability density for the proton and electron would be the same.

Thus, the probability density for the proton is equal to that of the electron. ### Want to see more solutions like these? 