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Q2Q

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 31

Book edition
10th Edition

Author(s)
David Halliday

Pages
1328 pages

ISBN
9781118230718

**Figure 2-17 gives the acceleration a(t) of a Chihuahua as it chases a German shepherd along an axis. In which of the time periods indicated does the Chihuahua move at constant speed?**

Chihuahua moves with constant speed during the time period E

The graph is shown in figure 2.17

**The concept used to solve this problem is constant speed and acceleration. The acceleration is the rate of change of velocity. Acceleration is a vector quantity. If speed is constant and its direction is not changing then there will be no acceleration.**

The acceleration can be written as,

$\overrightarrow{a}=\frac{d\overrightarrow{v}}{dt}$

Therefore, if $\overrightarrow{a}=0$

$\frac{d\overrightarrow{v}}{dt}=0$

This implies that the velocity is constant.

It means that to find out the time period that has a constant speed, we need to find the time period that has zero acceleration. From the given graph it can be seen that only time period E has zero acceleration. For all the other time periods, the acceleration is increasing, decreasing, positive or negative.

Thus, it can be concluded that Chihuahua moves with constant speed during the time period E.

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