Figure 42-17 shows the curve for the binding energy per nucleon versus mass number A. Three isotopes are indicated. Rank them according to the energy required to remove a nucleon from the isotope, greatest first.
The rank of the points according to the energy required to remove a nucleon from the isotope is 2 > 3 > 1 .
The figure 42-17 of binding energy versus mass number is given.
The binding energy (BE) of a nucleus is equal to the amount of energy released in forming the nucleus, or the energy required in removing a nucleon from the shell of an isotope. A graph of binding energy per nucleon (BEN) versus atomic number A implies that nuclei divided or combined release an enormous amount of energy.
Comparing the given graph to the experimental found binding energy per nucleon graph, we can clearly see that the binding energy of 60 MeV matches for the point 2. Thus, these nuclei have most stable nucleus with great nuclear forces to overcome a nucleon from their isotope.
No, similarly comparing graph given with the original graph 42-7, the binding energy of 8MeV matches for the point 3, while binding energy of 5 MeV matches the point 1.
Thus, the stability of isotopes according to their binding energy is 2 > 3 > 1.
Hence, from the concept, the rank of the points according to their energy required to remove a nucleon is given by 2 > 3 > 1 .
The radionuclide decays to as described by Eq. 42-24. In a particular decay event, an 1.71 MeV electron is emitted, the maximum possible value. What is the kinetic energy of the recoiling atom in this event? (Hint: For the electron it is necessary to use the relativistic expressions for kinetic energy and linear momentum. The atom is non-relativistic.)
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