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Q13P

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 1303

Book edition
10th Edition

Author(s)
David Halliday

Pages
1328 pages

ISBN
9781118230718

**A neutron star is a stellar object whose density is about that of nuclear matter, ${\mathbf{2}}{\mathbf{\times}}{{\mathbf{10}}}^{{\mathbf{17}}}{\mathbf{}}{\mathbf{kg}}{\mathbf{/}}{{\mathbf{m}}}^{{\mathbf{3}}}$ . Suppose that the Sun were to collapse and become such a star without losing any of its present mass. What would be its radius?**

The value of the radius of the star is 13 km.

The density of the nuclear matter, $\mathrm{p}=2\times {10}^{17}\mathrm{kg}/{\mathrm{m}}^{3}$

Mean density of Sun according to Appendix C, ${\mathrm{p}}_{\mathrm{s}}=1410\times {10}^{17}\mathrm{kg}/{\mathrm{m}}^{3}$

Mean radius of Sun according to Appendix C, ${\mathrm{R}}_{\mathrm{s}}=6.96\times {10}^{8}\mathrm{m}$

**As per the given concept, the Sun is to collapse to form into a star whose density is given. Thus, keeping the mass constant and relating this to the density, volume, and mass relation, we can get that the radius' cube value is inversely proportional to the density. Thus, using this proportionality relation, we can get the required value.**

Formula:

The density of a spherical object, $p=\frac{m}{\frac{4}{3}\pi {R}^{3}}.......\left(1\right)$

From equation (1), we get that

$\mathrm{p}\mathrm{\alpha}\frac{1}{{\mathrm{R}}^{3}}$ with all other terms as costant.

$\mathrm{R}\mathrm{\alpha}\frac{1}{{\mathrm{p}}^{1/3}}$

Thus, using this above relation and the given data, we can get the radius of the star as follows:

$\mathrm{R}={\mathrm{R}}_{\mathrm{s}}{\left[\frac{{\mathrm{p}}_{\mathrm{s}}}{\mathrm{p}}\right]}^{1/3}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\left(6.96\times {10}^{8}\mathrm{m}\right){\left[\frac{\left(1410\times {10}^{17}\mathrm{kg}/{\mathrm{m}}^{3}\right)}{\left(2\times {10}^{17}\mathrm{kg}/{\mathrm{m}}^{3}\right)}\right]}^{1/3}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=1.3\times {10}^{4}\mathrm{m}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=13\mathrm{km}$

Hence, the value of the radius is 13 km.

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