A particle executes linear SHM with frequency about the point . At , it has displacement and zero velocity. For the motion, determine the (a) period, (b) angular frequency, (c) amplitude, (d) displacement x(t), (e) velocity v(t), (f) maximum speed, (g) magnitude of the maximum acceleration, (h) displacement at , and (i) speed at .
9.The speed at is .
As per Hooke’s law, a particle with mass m moves under the influence of restoring force, undergoes a simple harmonic motion. Here, F is restoring force, k is force constant and x is the displacement from the mean position.
In simple harmonic motion, displacement of the particle is given by the equation,
Using the expression for a simple harmonic motion for displacement, velocity, and formulae for we can find the respective values.
The angular frequency of oscillation, (i)
The period of oscillation, (ii)
The maximum speed of a body, (iii)
The magnitude of maximum acceleration of a body, (iv)
The displacement equation at zero phase, (v)
The velocity equation at zero phase, (vi)
Here, is frequency, is maximum displacement or amplitude, is time.
Using equation (ii), we can get the period of oscillations as:
Hence, the value of period is .
Using equation (i), we can get the angular frequency of oscillation as:
Hence, the value of angular frequency is role="math" localid="1657257255516" .
As at and at extreme positions
Hence, the value of amplitude is .
By substituting the given and derived values in equation (v), we get the displacement equation as:
Hence, the displacement equation is .
By substituting the given and derived values in equation (vi), we get the velocity equation as:
Hence, the velocity equation is .
Using equation (iii), we can get the maximum speed of the particle as:
Hence, the value of maximum speed is .
Using equation (iv), we can get the magnitude of the maximum acceleration as:
Hence, the value of maximum acceleration is .
Substituting the given values for in equation (v), we get the displacement as:
Hence, the displacement value is 0 m.
Substituting the given values for in equation (vi), we get the velocity as:
Hence, the displacement value is 0.58 cm/s.
In Figure, a block weighing 14.0 N, which can slide without friction on
an incline at angle , is connected to the top of the incline by a massless
spring of unstretched length 0.450 m and spring constant 120 N/m .
a) How far from the top of the incline is the block’s equilibrium point?
b) If the block is pulled slightly down the incline and released, what is the period
of the resulting oscillations?
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