Suggested languages for you:

Americas

Europe

Q10Q

Expert-verified
Found in: Page 1181

### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718

# X rays of wavelength 0.0100 nm are directed in the positive direction of an axis onto a target containing loosely bound electrons. For Compton scattering from one of those electrons, at an angle of ${\mathbf{180}}{\mathbf{°}}$, what are (a) the Compton shift, (b) the corresponding change in photon energy, (c) the kinetic energy of the recoiling electron, and (d) the angle between the positive direction of the axis and the electron’s direction of motion?

(a) The Compton shift is $+4.86\text{pm}$.

(b) The change in photon energy is $-40.6 \text{keV}$.

(c) The kinetic energy of recoiling electron is $40.6 \text{keV}$.

(d) The angle between positive direction of +x axis and the electron direction of motion is zero.

See the step by step solution

## Step 1: Evaluate the Compton shift

(a)

Use the Compton shift formula is:

$\Delta \lambda =\frac{h}{{m}_{e}c}\left(1-\mathrm{cos}\varphi \right)\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=\left(2.43\text{pm}\right)\left(1-\mathrm{cos}180°\right)\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=+4.86\text{pm}$

Hence, the Compton shift is +4.86 pm.

## Step 2: The corresponding change in photon energy

(b)

Let the value of $hc=1240\text{eV}·\text{nm}$.

Use the above value to find the change in photon energy is;

$\Delta E=\frac{hc}{\lambda \text{'}}-\frac{hc}{\lambda }\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=1240\left(\frac{1}{0.01 \text{nm}+4.86 \text{nm}}-\frac{1}{0.01 \text{nm}}\right)\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=-40.6 \text{keV}$

Hence, the change in photon energy is $-40.6 \text{keV}$.

## Step 3: The kinetic energy of recoiling electron

(c)

Use the conservation of energy, that the energy neither be created nor be destroyed it only be transformed from one energy to another.

From the conservation of energy,

$\Delta K=-\Delta E\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=40.6 \text{keV}$

Hence, the kinetic energy of recoiling electron is 40.6 keV.

## Step 3: The angle between positive direction of x axis and the electron direction of motion

(d)

The electron will move straight ahead after the collision, since it has acquired some of the forward linear momentum from the photon. Thus, the angle between +x and the direction of the electron’s motion is zero.

Hence, the angle between positive direction of +x axis and the electron direction of motion is zero.