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Expert-verified Found in: Page 1365 ### Fundamentals Of Physics

Book edition 10th Edition
Author(s) David Halliday
Pages 1328 pages
ISBN 9781118230718 # Question: Due to the presence everywhere of the cosmic background radiation, the minimum possible temperature of a gas in interstellar or intergalactic space is not 0 K but 2.7 K. This implies that a significant fraction of the molecules in space that can be in a low-level excited state may, in fact, be so. Subsequent de-excitation would lead to the emission of radiation that could be detected. Consider a (hypothetical) molecule with just one possible excited state. (a) What would the excitation energy have to be for 25% of the molecules to be in the excited state? (Hint: See Eq. 40-29.) (b) What would be the wavelength of the photon emitted in a transition back to the ground state?

a )the excitation energy=0.1862mev

b)wavelength of the photon=6066mm

See the step by step solution

## Given information

temperature of a gas in interstellar(T) =2.7k

hc=1240 eV

k=8.62×10-5

## concept of interstellar space and excitation space

Interstellar space is often called the space between the stars, but more specifically, it’s the region between our Sun’s heliosphere and the astrospheres of other stars. Excitation is the discrete amount of energy (called excitation energy) to a system—such as an atomic nucleus, an atom, or a molecule—those results in its alteration, ordinarily from the condition of lowest energy (ground state) to one of higher energy (excited state).

## calculation of excitation energy and wavelength of the photon emitted

(a) $\begin{array}{l}=18.62×10-{5}_{e}v\\ =01862m\mathrm{m}\end{array}$

(b)

$hc=1240eVnm\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}} \lambda =\frac{hc}{∆E}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}} =\frac{1240}{18.62×{10}^{-5}}\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}=6.66mm\phantom{\rule{0ex}{0ex}}$ ### Want to see more solutions like these? 