Suggested languages for you:

Americas

Europe

Q14P

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 487

Book edition
4th edition

Author(s)
David J. Griffiths

Pages
613 pages

ISBN
9780321856562

**In Bohr’s theory of hydrogen, the electron in its ground state was supposed to travel in a circle of radius , held in orbit by the Coulomb attraction of the proton. According to classical electrodynamics, this electron should radiate, and hence spiral in to the nucleus. Show that for most of the trip (so you can use the Larmor formula), and calculate the lifespan of Bohr’s atom. (Assume each revolution is essentially circular.)**

For the radius to be one-hundredth of normal, *v/c* is only greater so, for most of the trip, the velocity of safely non-relativistic and the lifespan of the Bohr atom is .

Write the expression for the centripetal force on the electron.

…… (1)

Here, *m* is the mass, *v* is the velocity of an electron, and *r* is the radius of the orbit.

Write the expression for the electrostatic force between the nucleus and electron.

…… (2)

Here, is the permittivity of free space, and *e* is the charge of the electron.

Equate equations (1) and (2).

Substitute and in the above expression.

Divide the velocity of an electron by the speed of light.

For the radius of one-hundredth of, this *v/c* is only greater so, for most of the trip, the velocity of safely non-relativistic.

Write the expression for the total power radiated.

…… (4)

Here, *U* is the total energy.

Write the expression for the total energy of an orbiting electron.

Rearrange the above equation,

Differentiate the above equation,

Using the Larmor formula,

Substitute the value of equation (3) in the above equation.

Substitute and in equation (4).

Here, .

Hence, the above equation becomes,

On further solving, the above equation becomes,

Integrate the above equation,

Substitute and in the above expression.

Therefore, the lifespan of the Bohr atom is .

94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.

Sign up for free