Log In Start studying!

Select your language

Suggested languages for you:
Answers without the blur. Sign up and see all textbooks for free! Illustration

Q14P

Expert-verified
Introduction to Electrodynamics
Found in: Page 487
Introduction to Electrodynamics

Introduction to Electrodynamics

Book edition 4th edition
Author(s) David J. Griffiths
Pages 613 pages
ISBN 9780321856562

Answers without the blur.

Just sign up for free and you're in.

Illustration

Short Answer

In Bohr’s theory of hydrogen, the electron in its ground state was supposed to travel in a circle of radius , held in orbit by the Coulomb attraction of the proton. According to classical electrodynamics, this electron should radiate, and hence spiral in to the nucleus. Show that for most of the trip (so you can use the Larmor formula), and calculate the lifespan of Bohr’s atom. (Assume each revolution is essentially circular.)

For the radius to be one-hundredth of normal, v/c is only greater so, for most of the trip, the velocity of safely non-relativistic and the lifespan of the Bohr atom is .

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Expression for the centripetal force and electrostatic force:

Write the expression for the centripetal force on the electron.

…… (1)

Here, m is the mass, v is the velocity of an electron, and r is the radius of the orbit.

Write the expression for the electrostatic force between the nucleus and electron.

…… (2)

Here, is the permittivity of free space, and e is the charge of the electron.

Step 2: Determine the ratio of the velocity of an electron and speed of light:

Equate equations (1) and (2).

Substitute and in the above expression.

Divide the velocity of an electron by the speed of light.

For the radius of one-hundredth of, this v/c is only greater so, for most of the trip, the velocity of safely non-relativistic.

Step 3: Determine the total power radiated:

Write the expression for the total power radiated.

…… (4)

Here, U is the total energy.

Write the expression for the total energy of an orbiting electron.

Rearrange the above equation,

Differentiate the above equation,

Using the Larmor formula,

Substitute the value of equation (3) in the above equation.

Step 4: Determine the lifespan of the Bohr atom:

Substitute and in equation (4).

Here, .

Hence, the above equation becomes,

On further solving, the above equation becomes,

Integrate the above equation,

Substitute and in the above expression.

Therefore, the lifespan of the Bohr atom is .

Most popular questions for Physics Textbooks

Icon

Want to see more solutions like these?

Sign up for free to discover our expert answers
Get Started - It’s free

Recommended explanations on Physics Textbooks

94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.

Sign up for free
94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.