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Expert-verified Found in: Page 413 ### Modern Physics

Book edition 2nd Edition
Author(s) Randy Harris
Pages 633 pages
ISBN 9780805303087 # Upon what definitions do we base the claim that the ${{\mathbit{\Psi }}}_{\mathbf{2}\mathbf{p}\mathbf{x}}$ and ${{\mathbit{\Psi }}}_{\mathbf{2}\mathbf{p}\mathbf{y}}$ states of equations $\left(10-1\right)$ are related to x and y just as ${{\mathbit{\Psi }}}_{\mathbf{2}\mathbf{p}\mathbf{z}}$ is to ${\mathbit{z}}$.

It is proven by converting Cartesian to spherical polar coordinates.

See the step by step solution

## A concept of polar coordinate

A polar coordinate is one of two numbers that identify a point in a plane based on its distance from a fixed point on a line and the angle that line makes with the fixed line.

## Understanding the Similarities and Differences between these Wave Functions

States ${\Psi }_{2px}$ and ${\Psi }_{2py}$ are of the same shapes as ${\Psi }_{2pz}$ and they are all equivalent. The only difference between these states is the orientation of coordinates. These wave functions are defined based on spherical polar coordinates. $\left(\gamma ,\theta ,\varphi \right)$.

## Transformation of Coordinates

The transformation between Cartesian and spherical polar coordinates is

$\begin{array}{l}x=r\mathrm{sin}\theta \mathrm{cos}\theta \\ y=r\mathrm{sin}\theta \mathrm{cos}\theta \\ z=r\mathrm{cos}\theta \end{array}$

The wave functions of the 2px, 2py and 2pz states are given as

$\begin{array}{l}\Psi \left(x\right)={\Psi }_{2px}a\mathrm{sin}\theta \mathrm{cos}\theta \\ \Psi \left(y\right)={\Psi }_{2py}a\mathrm{sin}\theta \mathrm{cos}\theta \\ \Psi \left(z\right)={\Psi }_{2pz}a\mathrm{cos}\theta \end{array}$

Hence, from this its prove that the states 2px, 2py and 2pz depends on angles $\theta$ and $\varphi$ which are the same as that described in Cartesian coordinates for X, Y, and Z . ### Want to see more solutions like these? 