of gas undergoes the process shown in FIGURE EX18.37.
a. What type of process is this?
b. What is the final temperature in ?
c. What is the final volume ?
a. This type of process is called Isothermal.
b. The final temperature is ?
c. The final volume is ?
Given : Gas's initial temperature :
Undergoes the process shown in FIGURE EX18.36
Theory used :
In Thermodynamics, an Isothermal Process is a type of thermodynamic process in which the temperature of a system remains constant, i.e., .
The ideal gas law () relates the macroscopic properties of ideal gases. It shows the relationship between the four state variables of an ideal gas.
(a) For the isothermal process, the diagram is shown as a hyperbolic graph, as can be seen in FIGURE EX18.37.
Hence, the process is Isothermal .
(b) We solve equation for to be in the form
Given the initial pressure is and the initial volume .
So, the final temperature will be :
(c) The constant temperature process for the closed system has the constant product . That is
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