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Q. 8

Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
Found in: Page 624

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Short Answer

Linear accelerator uses alternating electric fields to accelerate electrons to close to the speed of light. A small number of the electrons collide with a target, but a large majority pass through the target and impact a beam dump at the end of the accelerator. In one experiment the beam dump measured charge accumulating at a rate of -2.0 nC/s. How many electrons traveled down the accelerator during the 2.0 h run?

are travelled down the accelerator during the h run.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Content Introduction

Q is the charge and for an object, its charge equals the number of carrier N times the charge of the carrier which is for electrons and for protons.

The equation so formed is where

Step 2: Content Explanation

The rate of accumulation of charge is .

We are given,

Now put the value in the equation

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