FIGURE EX30.14 shows a 10-cm-diameter loop in three different magnetic fields. The loop's resistance is For each, what are the size and direction of the induced current
(a) counterclockwise .
(b) counterclockwise .
In physics, an electric current that occurs when a second conductor (= substance that carries electricity) is placed in an area where there is already an electric current (Definition of induced current from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary Cambridge University Press) Examples of Induced Current
To get the induced current I through the loop, we use Ohm's law as shown in the next equation
In the loop, where is the induced emf? The induced emf is the change in magnetic flux inside the loop as defined by Faraday's law, and it is given by equation (30.14) in the form
Where is the flux through the loop which is the amount of magnetic field that flows through a loop of area A and it is given by
Let us use this expression of into equation (2) to get by
Use this expression of into equation (1) to get
The area of the loop is calculated by
In the first figure (a), the change of the magnetic field is. So, we use this value into equation (3) to get by
The direction is counterclockwise because the induced emf points out of the page in the opposite direction of the applied magnetic field.
In the second figure (b), the change of the magnetic field is . So, we use this value into equation (3) to get by
The direction is counterclockwise because the induced emf points out of the page in the same direction of the applied magnetic field.
In the third figure , the change of the magnetic field inside the loop is zero because there is no flux. So, the induced current is zero.
The two loops of wire in FIGURE are stacked one above the other. Does the upper loop have a clockwise current, a counterclockwise current, or no current at the following times? Explain. a. Before the switch is closed.
b. Immediately after the switch is closed.
c. Long after the switch is closed.
d. Immediately after the switch is reopened.
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