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Q. 14

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
Found in: Page 870

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Short Answer

FIGURE EX30.14 shows a 10-cm-diameter loop in three different magnetic fields. The loop's resistance is For each, what are the size and direction of the induced current

(a) counterclockwise .

(b) counterclockwise .

(c)

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Step by Step Solution

Step1: Definition of induced current

In physics, an electric current that occurs when a second conductor (= substance that carries electricity) is placed in an area where there is already an electric current (Definition of induced current from the Cambridge Academic Content Dictionary Cambridge University Press) Examples of Induced Current

step2: Find  I induced(part a)

To get the induced current I through the loop, we use Ohm's law as shown in the next equation

In the loop, where is the induced emf? The induced emf is the change in magnetic flux inside the loop as defined by Faraday's law, and it is given by equation (30.14) in the form

Where is the flux through the loop which is the amount of magnetic field that flows through a loop of area A and it is given by

Let us use this expression of into equation (2) to get by

Use this expression of into equation (1) to get

Step3: Calculate area of loop(part b)

The area of the loop is calculated by

In the first figure (a), the change of the magnetic field is. So, we use this value into equation (3) to get by

Step4: Direction of induce(part c)

The direction is counterclockwise because the induced emf points out of the page in the opposite direction of the applied magnetic field.

In the second figure (b), the change of the magnetic field is . So, we use this value into equation (3) to get by

The direction is counterclockwise because the induced emf points out of the page in the same direction of the applied magnetic field.

In the third figure , the change of the magnetic field inside the loop is zero because there is no flux. So, the induced current is zero.

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