In , a cone of density and total height floats in a liquid of density . The height of the cone above the liquid is . What is the ratio of the exposed height to the total height?
The ratio of is .
According to Archimedes' principle, a body immersed in a fluid is subjected to an upwards force equal to the weight of the displaced fluid. This is the initial state of equilibrium. The force of buoyancy, also known as the buoyancy force, is assumed to be located in the middle of the submerged hull, also known as the center of buoyancy.
The Archimedes principle determines the buoyant force on the cone.
The cone's gravitational force will be equal to the cone's gravitational force.
At the center of gravity, the gravitational force will act.
The volume of a cone is expressed as:
Where, is the proportionality constant and is the height of the cone. The buoyant force is expressed as follows:
Where. is the density of fluid, is the proportionality constant, is the height of cone, is the height above the water and is the acceleration due to gravity.
The expession for gravitational force is given as:
Where, is the density of cone, is the proportionality constant, / is the height of cone and is the acceleration due to gravity.
As a result, the gravitational and buoyant forces are identical.
a. A liquid of density flows at speed through a horizontal pipe that expands smoothly from diameter to a larger diameter . The pressure in the narrower section is . Find an expression for the pressure in the wider section.
b. A pressure gauge reads as water flows at through a -diameter horizontal pipe. What is the reading of a pressure gauge after the pipe has expanded to in diameter?
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