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Q. 26

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
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Short Answer

The conducting box in FIGURE EX24.26 has been given an excess negative charge. The surface density of excess electrons at the center of the top surface is . What are the electric field strengths to at points 1 to 3?

The electric field strengths are :

a.

b.

c.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1 : Given information and Theory used 

Given : The surface density at the center of the top surface is :

Theory used :

The electric field inside a conductor is zero at all times when it is in electrostatic equilibrium. However, all surplus charges on the conductor accumulate on the outside surface, and as further charges are added, they spread out on the outer surface until they reach the electrostatic equilibrium points.

The electric field at the surface of a charged conductor is given by the equation (1)

where is the surface charge density, which is a physical parameter that relies on the conductor's form.

Step 2 : Calculating the electric field strengths 

Because the excess charge is expressed in , we must convert the surface charge density to using

There is an electric field at point 1, thus we apply

As previously stated, there is no electric field inside the wire, hence the electric field at point 2 is zero. That is .

Because all charges are concentrated at the outer surface at point 1, there are no net charges at point 3, and the electric field is zero. That is, .

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