How would the graph of Figure 38.2 look if classical physics provided the correct description of the photoelectric effect? Draw the graph and explain your reasoning. Assume that the light intensity remains constant as its frequency and wavelength are varied.
Graph would be a horizontal Line starting from f = 0 Hz.
We need to draw the graph and explain the reason for that type of graph.
The graph will look like :
The photoelectric current does not depend on the frequency of light, as per classical physics.
As the frequency is varied, the photoelectric current should remain constant with no threshold if the light intensity remains constant (same energy per second falling on the metal).
Therefore the Graph would be a horizontal Line starting from f = 0 Hz.
A 100 W incandescent lightbulb emits about 5 W of visible light. (The other 95 W are emitted as infrared radiation or lost as heat to the surroundings.) The average wavelength of the visible light is about 600 nm, so make the simplifying assumption that all the light has this wavelength. How many visible-light photons does the bulb emit per second?
In the atom interferometer experiment of Figure , laser cooling techniques were used to cool a dilute vapor of sodium atoms to a temperature of . The ultracold atoms passed through a series of collimating apertures to form the atomic beam you see circling the figure from the left. The standing light waves were created from a laser beam with a wavelength of .
a. What is the rms speed of a sodium atom in a gas at temperature ?
b. By treating the laser beam as if it were a diffraction grating. Calculate the first-order diffraction angle of a sodium atom traveling at the rms speed of part a.
c. how far apart are the points and if the second sanding wave is from the first?
d. Because interference is observed between the two paths, each individual atom is apparently present at both points and point Describe, in your own words, what this experiment tells you about the nature of matter.
94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.Sign up for free