A 75 kW radio transmitter emits 550 kHz radio waves uniformly in all directions. At what rate do photons strike a 1.5-m-tall, 3.0-mm-diameter antenna that is 15 km away?
The rate with which the photons strike the antenna is .
We need to find out the rate with which the photons strike the antenna.
The muon is a subatomic particle with the same charge as an electron but with a mass that is times greater: Physicists think of muons as "heavy electrons," However, the muon is not a stable particle; it decays with a half-life of into an electron plus two neutrinos. Muons from cosmic rays are sometimes "captured" by the nuclei of the atoms in a solid. A captured muon orbits this nucleus, like an electron, until it decays. Because the muon is often captured into an excited orbit , its presence can be detected by observing the photons emitted in transitions such as and .
Consider a muon captured by a carbon nucleus . Because of its long mass, the muon orbits well inside the electron cloud and is not affected by the electrons. Thus, the muon "sees" the full nuclear charge and acts like the electron in a hydrogen like ion.
a. What is the orbital radius and speed of a muon in the ground state? Note that the mass of a muon differs from the mass of an electron.
b. What is the wavelength of the muon transition?
c. Is the photon emitted in the transition infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or ray?
d. How many orbits will the muon complete during s? Is this a sufficiently large number that the Bohr model "makes sense, " even though the muon is not stable?
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