The electron interference pattern of Figure 38.12 was made by shooting electrons with of kinetic energy through two slits spaced apart. The fringes were recorded on a detector behind the slits.
a. What was the speed of the electrons? (The speed is large enough to justify using relativity, but for simplicity do this as a nonrelativistic calculation.)
b. Figure 38.12 is greatly magnified. What was the actual spacing on the detector between adjacent bright fringes?
(a) The speed of the electron is
(b) The actual distance between consecutive light fringes on the detector is
The kinetic energy of electrons is 50 KeV and a detector captured the fringes is 1.0 m
The electron starts at rest (or close to it), thus the kinetic energy obtained is
We can begin by calculating the electron's speed using kinetic energy,
On a detector 1.0 m behind the slits, the fringes were recorded
In a double slit experiment, we can now utilise an expression for fringe spacing.
The muon is a subatomic particle with the same charge as an electron but with a mass that is times greater: Physicists think of muons as "heavy electrons," However, the muon is not a stable particle; it decays with a half-life of into an electron plus two neutrinos. Muons from cosmic rays are sometimes "captured" by the nuclei of the atoms in a solid. A captured muon orbits this nucleus, like an electron, until it decays. Because the muon is often captured into an excited orbit , its presence can be detected by observing the photons emitted in transitions such as and .
Consider a muon captured by a carbon nucleus . Because of its long mass, the muon orbits well inside the electron cloud and is not affected by the electrons. Thus, the muon "sees" the full nuclear charge and acts like the electron in a hydrogen like ion.
a. What is the orbital radius and speed of a muon in the ground state? Note that the mass of a muon differs from the mass of an electron.
b. What is the wavelength of the muon transition?
c. Is the photon emitted in the transition infrared, visible, ultraviolet, or ray?
d. How many orbits will the muon complete during s? Is this a sufficiently large number that the Bohr model "makes sense, " even though the muon is not stable?
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