FIGURE EX shows a transparent hemisphere with radius and index of refraction What is the maximum distance for which a light ray parallel to the axis refracts out through the curved surface?
A light ray parallel to the axis can refract out through the curved surface for a maximum distance
Total Internal Reflection occurs at the interface when the angle of incidence reaches a critical angle when a ray travels through a material with a higher index of refraction toward a material with a lower index.
An maximal distance d whereby the beam of light deforms out from the contour is necessary.
The parameter of the hemispheric, derived by Equation, is the lowest angle in which the laser pulse deflects through the curved surface.
since then we really imagine a gyrus is just in wind and it is the hemisphere's index of refraction:
An cosine of zero point could be found and used the topology as seen in Figure
Here where the angle of inclination is similar to total distance d at which light ray refracts on around a hemisphere's circular cylinder.
Deduce the equation
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