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Q36.7

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
Found in: Page 1081

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Short Answer

Your friend flies from Los Angeles to New York. She carries an accurate stopwatch with her to measure the flight time. You and your assistants on the ground also measure the flight time.

a. Identify the two events associated with this measurement.

b. Who, if anyone, measures the proper time?

c. Who, if anyone, measures the shorter flight time?

Part (a). event 1 : friend will leave the Los Angeles

event 2 : friend will reach the New York.

Part(b). The friend in the flight will measure the proper time.

Part(c). Your friend will measure the shorter time.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Part (a) Step 1 : Given information

It is given that your friend will travel from the Los Angeles to New York .

We need to find the two events.

Part(a) step 2 : simplify

Here we can see that , firstly your friend leaves the Los Angeles and then Reaches the New York.

so,

Event 1: Your friend take off from the Los Angles.

Event 2: Your friend land on the New York.

Part (b) Step 1 : Given information

We have given, that your friend will travel from the Los Angeles to New York.

We have to find that who will measure the proper time.

Part (b) Step 2 : simplify

Simplify

Using Lorentz Transformation,

Where,

t= time for the assistance

t'= time for your friend

v= velocity of flight

x= distance between the two cities.Since the proper time is in frame of your friend then it will measure the proper time.

Part (c) Step 1 : Given information

We have given, that your friend will travel from the Los Angeles to New York.

We have to find the who will measure the shorter time.

Part(c) Step 2 : simplify

Using Lorentz transformation,

the time observed by the assistance is equal to the time observed by your friend with some multiple factor.

Then we can say that the time of your friend is less then the time for the your assistance since the value of the factor will be always greater then 0.

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