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Q.35

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Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
Found in: Page 832

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Short Answer

The right edge of the circuit in FIGURE EX29.35 extends into a 50 mT uniform magnetic field. What are the magnitude and direction of the net force on the circuit?

and its direction to the right.

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Step by Step Solution

Part 1 : Given Information

when a wire carrying a current and moves inside a magnetic field, the magnetic field exerted a magnetic force on the wire. For a wire with length , the exerted magnetic force is given by equation (29.26) in the form

Where is the angle between the direction of the current and the magnetic field. A current that is parallel to the magnetic force is zero while it is maximum when the current is perpendicular to the magnetic field.

In the given circuit , the top and the bottom wires in the circuit are parallel to the magnetic field, so the exerted force both of them are zero

We use Ohm's law to get this current as Ohm's law states that the current flows through a resistance due to the potential difference between the resistance.

Part 2 : Calculation

Let us determine the current through the right wire using the values for of the battery by

For the right wire the angle is , so we plug values for into equation (1) to get by

Now we get the net force on the circuit by

The current diagram in the right wire is down because it moves from the positive terminal of the battery. if we apply the battery rule, we find that the force is exerted to the right.

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