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Q. 32

Physics for Scientists and Engineers: A Strategic Approach with Modern Physics
Found in: Page 956

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Short Answer

A Michelson interferometer uses light from a sodium lamp. Sodium atoms emit light having wavelengths and . The interferometer is initially set up with both arms of equal length , producing a bright spot at the center of the interference pattern. How far must mirror be moved so that one wavelength has produced one more new maximum than the other wavelength?

Length from one more new maximum than other wavelength, L

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Step by Step Solution

Step1: Sodium Lamp

These lamps are mostly utilized for street and industrial lighting.

The lamp works by using vaporized sodium metal to create an electric arc.

To help begin the lamp or adjust its hue, other compounds and gases are utilized.

Step2: find the formula for length

For the sake of clarity, we will refer to the distance travelled by rather than .

The gap between both the number of fringes produced by each wavelength will be determined by

We can find it by solving for the distance para metrically.

Step3: Substitute values to find length

In our scenario, we will have the following numbers:

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