How would you determine the density of an irregularly shaped rock?
The buoyant force can be thought of as the weight of so many grams of water, which is that number of cubic centimeters of water, which is the volume of the submerged rock. This volume with the actual rock mass tells us its density.
When an object is partially or fully submerged in a fluid, the fluid exerts on the object an upward force called the buoyant force. According to Archimedes’s principle, the magnitude of the buoyant force is equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object:
WhereV the volume of fluid is displaced and is the density of the fluid.
Question: A solid iron sphere and a solid lead sphere of the same size are each suspended by strings and are submerged in a tank of water. (Note that the density of lead is greater than that of iron.) Which of the following statements are valid? (Choose all correct statements.) (a) The buoyant force on each is the same. (b) The buoyant force on the lead sphere is greater than the buoyant force on the iron sphere because lead has the greater density. (c) The tension in the string supporting the lead sphere is greater than the tension in the string supporting the iron sphere. (d) The buoyant force on the iron sphere is greater than the buoyant force on the lead sphere because lead displaces more water. (e) None of those statements is true.
Review: The tank in Figure P14.15 is filled with water of depth . At the bottom of one sidewall is a rectangular hatch of height and width that is hinged at the top of the hatch. (a) Determine the magnitude of the force the water exerts on the hatch. (b) Find the magnitude of the torque exerted by the water about the hinges.
94% of StudySmarter users get better grades.Sign up for free