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Q16OQ

Expert-verifiedFound in: Page 50

Book edition
9th Edition

Author(s)
Raymond A. Serway, John W. Jewett

Pages
1624 pages

ISBN
9781133947271

**A ball is thrown straight up in the air. For which situation are both the instantaneous velocity and the acceleration zero? (a) on the way up (b) at the top of its flight path (c) on the way down (d) halfway up and halfway down (e) none of the above**

The correct option is (e): none of the above.

**The rate of change of position for a very short time frame is characterized as instantaneous velocity (almost zero). The SI unit of speed is m/s.**

**The rate at which an object's velocity changes with respect to time is called acceleration.**

(a)

The ball is a freely falling body with a constant, nonzero acceleration of a=g once it leaves the thrower's hand. The ball's acceleration is not zero on the way up.

Thus, for this situation, both the instantaneous velocity and the acceleration is not zero.

Option (a) is incorrect.

(b)

The ball is a freely falling body with a constant, nonzero acceleration of a=g once it leaves the thrower's hand. The ball's acceleration is not zero at the top of its flight path.

Option (b) is incorrect.

(c)

The ball is a freely falling body with a constant, nonzero acceleration of a=g once it leaves the thrower's hand. The ball's acceleration is not zero on the way down.

Option (c) is incorrect.

(d)

The ball is a freely falling body with a constant, nonzero acceleration of a=g once it leaves the thrower's hand. The ball's acceleration is not zero halfway up and halfway down.

Option (d) is incorrect.

Therefore, the correct option is (e), none of the above.

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