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Physics Principles with Applications
Found in: Page 230
Physics Principles with Applications

Physics Principles with Applications

Book edition 7th
Author(s) Douglas C. Giancoli
Pages 978 pages
ISBN 978-0321625922

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Short Answer

The force required to pull the cork out of the top of a wine bottle is in the range of 200 to 400 N. What range of force F is required to open a wine bottle with the bottle opener shown in Fig. 9–55?

The required range of force on the opener is 20 N to 50 N.

See the step by step solution

Step by Step Solution

Step 1: Concepts

When a cork is opened, there is no cork rotation; the only cork moves upward. The cork does not rotate, and the net torque on the cork is zero due to the force on the opener and the pull force.

Step 2: Given data

The required force to open the cork is \({F_ \circ } = 200\;{\rm{N}}\;{\rm{to}}\;400\;{\rm{N}}\).

The force on the opener is F.

Step 3: Calculation

According to Newton’s third law, the reaction force on the cork is downward. Here, the pivot point is at the edge where the end of the opener is touched with the bottle.

The free-body diagram of the problem is shown below.

Now, the condition for no rotation of the torque is

\(\begin{array}{c}F \times \left( {70\;{\rm{mm}} + 9\;{\rm{mm}}} \right) - {F_ \circ } \times \left( {9\;{\rm{mm}}} \right) = 0\\F = \frac{9}{{79}}{F_ \circ }\end{array}\).

Now, substituting the value of \({F_ \circ }\) in the above equation,

\(\begin{array}{c}F = \frac{9}{{79}}\left( {200\;{\rm{N}}\;{\rm{to}}\;400\;{\rm{N}}} \right)\\F = 22.78\;{\rm{N}}\;{\rm{to}}\;45.57\;{\rm{N}}\\F \approx 20\;{\rm{N}}\;{\rm{to}}\;50\;{\rm{N}}\end{array}\).

Hence, the required range of force on the opener is 20 N to 50 N.

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